Also known as acute or abortive treatment, these types of drugs are taken during migraine attacks and are designed to stop symptoms:
The acute treatment aims to stop the migraine attack and relieves the acute pain that a patient suffers during the onset of a migraine attack. When it comes to the prevention treatment, the aim there is different.
The aim with prevention is to actually reduce the frequency of the attacks, reduce the severity and the duration of the attacks. These types of drugs are taken regularly, often daily, to reduce the severity or frequency of migraines.
The Possible Long-Term Side Effects of Prescribing CGRP Antagonists for Migraine Prevention
Besides conventional analgesic treatments, there are other drugs which promote the action of analgesics or which act on the cause of pain, they are called co-analgesics:
The surgical operation aims to decompress the sensitive nerves of the head by spreading the ligaments, muscles or vessels that compress them. It is indicated when the disease is not controlled by conservative measures, which include medicines and behavioral therapy.
The International Neuromodulation Society defines therapeutic neuromodulation as “the alteration of nerve activity through targeted delivery of a stimulus, such as electrical stimulation or chemical agents, to specific neurological sites in the body.” In appropriate patients, this growing class of therapies, in common use since the 1980s, can help restore function or relieve symptoms that have a neurological basis.
Thermal microcautery (TMC) is a form of peripheral nerve field stimulation (PNFS). It is a new method of neuromodulation. There is activation of the A(touch), Aδ and c (fast and slow pain) nerve fibers possibly working by the mechanism of the Gate theory of pain (2). There is facilitation of the descending noxious inhibitory pathway, which is well known to be activated by noxious stimuli.